People, Energy & Environment Development Association (PEEDA) was established in 1997 for the enhancement of the renewable energy sector in Nepal.

PEEDA aims to mobilize both local and external resources to harness Nepal’s indigenous resources, thereby promoting activities for economic development and poverty alleviation.

History & Background:

General Background

Energy is the prime mover of all the activities of an individual, an economy, and whole biodiversity.

One Ton of Oil Equivalent (TOE) per capita year seems the minimum energy needed to guarantee an acceptable level of living as measured by Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.8. The energy cost of satisfying basic human needs ranges between 27,800 to 36,400 kcal per day per capita i.e. between 1.0 to 1.3 TOE. However, the average per capita energy consumption of Nepal is reported to be 0.340 TOE (14.2 GJ) and this includes traditional sources of energy like fuelwood, crop residue and animal dung. The scarcity of these will increase as the population increases, either the average energy consumption will be reduced or fossil fuel will be consumed in the absence of fuelwood (if other alternatives are not available for an increased population).

The condition of “energy poverty” (i.e. extreme energy shortage) is compensated with less valuable fuels such as leaves, straw and dung. Such shifting action from fuelwood to crop residue and dung will reduce the nutrients needed for the soil. Therefore, the energy poverty can reduce the number of cooked meals and increase malnourishment and thus overall poverty. This situation of energy poverty in Nepal is hindering not only economic activities but also overall development of living standard physically, socially and ecologically.

Paradoxically, Nepal is rich in natural resources when looking at renewable energy resources. These resources could be utilized by giving due care to environment to uplift the living standard of poor people of Nepal. There are several possibilities as well as bottlenecks and hindrances. Few activities and favourable policies have been put forward by the government of Nepal in recent years.

PEEDA’s Background

People, Energy & Environment Development Association (PEEDA) was established in 1997 for the enhancement of the renewable energy sector in Nepal. PEEDA aims to mobilize local as well as external resources to harness the indigenous resources of the country thereby promoting poverty alleviation activities. It focuses mainly on institutional development, participation with stakeholders at grass root levels in development activity,  research and lobbying for policy change. PEEDA’s team, with its gained experiences in the energy and development sectors, envisioned that economic development can be achieved through sustainable energy development activities, with the particular emphasis of seeing this development reach the poor.

PEEDA has also been supporting institutions which have a goal of serving the needs of those developing the water resources of Nepal. It owns 20% shares of Hydro Consult Engineering Ltd and 50.08% shares of Hydro Lab Pvt. Ltd. Both of these companies are serving private parties, institutions, as well as governments agencies in their respective fields. Moreover, PEEDA has also been supporting institution namely “Center for Energy and Environment (CEED)” , established in 2017, that mainly aims to provide services in the field of energy and environment for the enhancement of the livelihood of the communities.

PEEDA has also conducted several training events related to management within the energy sector with the aim of building the capacity of people involved in the development sectors. It has also collaborated with other organizations in the research and development of Pico Hydro and has regularly been organizing workshops and seminars to promote such activities.


At CDO’S Office : Registration No: 85/054/055
Date: B.S. 2054/05/01 (17th August 1997)
At Social Welfare Council : Registration No: 19445 (B.S. 2064/12/07)
Recent renewal date: B.S. 2073/10/21 (3rd February 2017)
Last date of general assembly held: 17th November 2017 (20th Annual General Meeting)

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